World Water Day has been observed annually on 22 March since 1993 when the United Nations General Assembly declared the day as the “World Day for Water”. This year, the theme 'Water and Jobs' highlights the two-way relationship between water and work in the quest for sustainable development.
In countries like Uganda and Tanzania, millions are without access to clean water. People —usually women and children— have to spend a big part of their day to walk long distances for clean water, reducing the time they have for a income-earning job, or for going to school to improve their employability.
Lack of clean water negatively effects health, causing illness and death from dysentery, diarrhea, typhoid and other diseases.Lack of clean water negatively affects education and income.
The United Nations estimates that every day, women and children spend over 25% of their day carrying water for their families and homes. This is time not spent caring for a family, attending school, or working at an income-generating job.